Soviet Army uniform

We write in detail about the uniform of the Soviet army during the Second World War in a special section of the site. Note that the “Soviet Army” began to be called only after the Second World War. In 1939-1945 the correct name was the Workers’ and Peasants’ Red Army (RKKA) or simply “Red Army”.

Cold War era Soviet Army uniform

The beginning of the Cold War almost completely coincided with the renaming of the Workers ‘and Peasants’ Red Army, created by Comrade Trotsky, into the Soviet Army.
The first uniform change in 1946 was the introduction of 6-corner shoulder boards for officers instead of 5-coal ones. For soldiers and generals, the uniform of shoulder straps remained the same.
In the post-war years, the shape of the stars changed, as shown in the photographs. The first post-war period, the stars remained flat, but became taller, of large volume. Perhaps they were produced in Europe on “trophy” equipment. By 1949, large and small stars began to have a round center and became taller. This was finally formalized in the order for a new uniform in 1954, but for a long time, according to military traditions, officers continued to wear stars from the Second World War period.
Example – during the suppression of the Hungarian uprising in 1956, the Soviet army used all three types of stars, as well as a combination of the old uniform with the new model of 1954 (order from 1955 on wearing rules).
After the mass reduction of the army (demobilization), it became possible to create more beautiful and expensive uniforms, primarily for the elite military branches. In 1949, a new uniform for aviation and tankers appeared. There is a lot of confusion with this form, since its individual elements have changed several times, and after 1954 the form itself has become a daily weekend. It was officially allowed to wear the old uniform for a certain period of time (usually the period for wearing uniforms) plus traditional Soviet military chaos in violation of orders. We will show the actual wearing of a uniform from 1954 to 1961 using the example of specific officers.
The ceremonial uniform of aviation and tank crews of the 1949 model included a double-breasted open uniform (two rows of 3 buttons each) with buttonholes, like on an overcoat. Emblems from shoulder straps have been moved to buttonholes below the button. The uniform was worn with a khaki shirt with a black tie. The cap retained a flat rectangular visor with overlaid metal patterns – branches. The cockade became of a different design and existed until 1954, when it was replaced by an ordinary oval (“walnut”, similar to the pre-revolutionary classic type). Cockades of this type 1949-1954 are rarer, as is the uniform itself. From the point of view of the historical period, this is the appearance of a nuclear bomb in the USSR and the readiness of aviation to deliver it to Europe and the USA. This is the readiness of Soviet tankers to make a forced march to the English Channel. This period is marked by the death of Stalin (possibly poisoned by the disgraced People’s Commissar Beria) and the struggle for power. The army (Zhukov) and the NKVD-MGB-MVD (Beria and Malenkov) and communist leaders (Khrushchev) took an active part in the struggle for power.
The change in the political and military leadership of the USSR coincided with major changes in the uniform of the Soviet Army, as well as the KGB created from the transformed MGB-MVD. Marshal Zhukov, Minister of Defense, became the head of the armed forces, after whom the new uniform was given the unofficial name Zhukovka.
1954 (1955). The parade uniform of pilots and tank crews of the 1949 model became blue and gray, including the crown of the cap. An ornament appeared on the cuffs of the sleeves and on the collar – metal leaves in the form of an angle. The visor of the cap became round and received a golden braided cord. The shape of the cockade has changed. The front belt has changed.
The former parade uniform of aviation and tank crews has become everyday. The protective shirt had a clip-on collar and a green tie. , although a new type of casual cap appeared – The former dress cap with a green crown continued to be used as an everyday cap until the early 60s. (It was allowed to officially wear old uniforms plus unofficial military fashion – to show everyone that you have been serving for a long time, since 1949).

to be continued soon.


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